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Medial lingual lymph node metastasis in carcinoma of the tongue

  • Kohtaro Eguchi
    Correspondence
    Corresponding author at: Division of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Tokyo Metropolitan Cancer and Infectious Diseases Center Komagome Hospital, 3-18-22 Honkomagome, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan.
    Affiliations
    Division of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Tokyo Metropolitan Cancer and Infectious Diseases Center Komagome Hospital, Tokyo, Japan

    Department of Clinical Anatomy, Tokyo Medical and Dental University Graduate School, Tokyo, Japan
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  • Shigeo Kawai
    Affiliations
    Division of Pathology, Tokyo Metropolitan Cancer and Infectious Disease Center Komagome Hospital, Tokyo, Japan
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  • Masayoshi Mukai
    Affiliations
    Division of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Tokyo Metropolitan Cancer and Infectious Diseases Center Komagome Hospital, Tokyo, Japan
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  • Hiroaki Nagashima
    Affiliations
    Division of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Tokyo Metropolitan Cancer and Infectious Diseases Center Komagome Hospital, Tokyo, Japan
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  • Satoshi Shirakura
    Affiliations
    Division of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Tokyo Metropolitan Cancer and Infectious Diseases Center Komagome Hospital, Tokyo, Japan
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  • Taro Sugimoto
    Affiliations
    Division of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Tokyo Metropolitan Cancer and Infectious Diseases Center Komagome Hospital, Tokyo, Japan
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  • Takahiro Asakage
    Affiliations
    Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Tokyo Medical and Dental University Graduate School, Tokyo, Japan
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Published:March 29, 2019DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anl.2019.03.003

      Abstract

      Lingual lymph node metastases are rarely seen in carcinoma of the tongue, and these nodes are not removed during neck dissection. Lingual lymph nodes are classified into medial and lateral groups, and metastasis to the former is extremely rare. A 55-year-old male with squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue, (stage T4aN0M0), underwent hemiglossectomy with neck dissection and free flap reconstruction. The lingual septum had a mass, 8 mm in size, which was diagnosed as medial lingual lymph node metastasis on histopathology. The patient developed multiple distant metastases and died of disease 18 months after the initial surgery. The presence of medial lymph node metastasis could result in contralateral neck metastases and worsen prognosis. Such cases may warrant more intensive therapy than recommended by current guidelines.

      Keywords

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