Recurrent facial palsy is relatively rare and its clinical details of recurrent facial palsy are not well known. We analyzed recurrent facial palsy cases and clarified its characteristics, especially the difference between ipsilateral and alternative palsies. The analysis aimed to obtain information about recurrent facial palsy that would be useful for delivering explanations to patients and help improve recurrent facial palsy treatments based on the etiology.
We picked up data from the chart and analyzed the clinical characteristics of patients with recurrent facial palsy from 1243 facial palsy patients (Bell's palsy, VZV-related palsy (Ramsay Hunt syndrome and zoster sine herpete [ZSH])) between 2006 and 2020.
Recurrent facial palsy was observed in 104 of 1243 patients (8.4%). There were 35 cases (34%) of ipsilateral palsy and 69 cases (66%) of alternative palsy. The mean age at the onset of the first palsy was 38.9 years old in the ipsilateral group and 48.4 years old in the alternative group, and a significant difference was observed between them. The number of recurrences ranged from 1 to 4. Among the ipsilateral group, 6 patients experienced more than second recurrence. In two cases, the condition failed to resolve after the second recurrence. A serological examination confirmed that 4 cases had recurrent VZV-related palsy (both the first and second palsies were VZV-related) and all of them initially had ZSH: no cases had Hunt syndrome as the first palsy.
The VZV-specific immunity obtained with ZSH might be insufficient to suppress VZV reactivation, and VZV vaccination should be recommended for ZSH patients to prevent further recurrence of VZV-related facial palsy. More than 2 ipsilateral recurrent episodes may be a risk factor for incomplete recovery.
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Published online: December 08, 2022
Accepted: November 21, 2022
Received: May 21, 2022
Publication stageIn Press Corrected Proof
© 2022 Japanese Society of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Inc. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.